The Evolution of the Big Man
This article was written by University of Southern California Assistant Coach Chris Capko.
Evolution is a part of a life. Everything in life evolves and basketball is no different in this sense. Twenty years ago big, lumbering post players were a huge part of the game. Growing up I remember big men like Patrick Ewing, Alonzo Mourning, Hakeem Olajuwon and David Robinson. In the mid 90’s to early 2000’s, Shaq dominated the NBA. A low post scorer was a huge part of every team’s offense and most colleges and professional teams were looking for players who could deliver that skill set.
In today’s game this is not the case though. I don’t remember when exactly it changed, but 7 footers whose main skill is scoring with their back to the basket are becoming extinct. Now big men are expected to have a completely different skill set.
The NBA and college basketball are going smaller as people place more of an emphasis on shooting the basketball. Analytics have provided insight on the impact of a three-point-shot as opposed to a two. There is more switching than ever before and this requires big men who are able to get out and guard ball handlers.
Evolution, means that players must adapt or they will get left behind. This is why I train my big men differently today. I have not all together given up on back-to-the-basket moves, but instead we work on positioning first. What hasn’t gone away is being able to score at the basket. One of the first things I try to develop with big men is getting position and having them catch with two feet in the paint.
When our post players have two feet in the paint, you don’t need a dribble. We want them to be able to just turn and go up with either hand. The object is to catch as close to the basket as possible, this allows for no double team or diggers to deter a shot. It all starts with the work that you are able to do before the ball is entered, and your ability to bury the post defender under the basket. With this type of positioning, it should be a finish or foul every time.
Play with a Plan
Basketball is not a perfect game and sometimes our post players will end up having to receive a catch away from the basket. This is when we teach them to play with a plan. We want our big men to dribble to the mid line and read the defense.
We work on two moves; a regular hook shot and a drop step in the event the defense takes away the middle. We want them to be as concise as possible. It is better to have a couple of moves mastered than have multiple moves and counters that are not able to be executed with great attention to detail.
Even in college, ball screens are more prevalent than ever. Big men must be able to screen, roll, and then catch and finish in traffic. We drill this everyday at the University of Southern California. Big men have to be guarded at the rim, so teaching them to roll to the rim is one of the first things they must learn.
Rolling fast and creating separation from their man creates rotations and forces the defense to play out of closeouts. The post player won’t get the ball every time, but their roll is just as important as any component involved with screen-and-roll basketball. We drill making tough catches and finishing in traffic with both hands daily.
The better shooter you are, the more spacing you create for your team on the floor. No matter the size today, it will benefit you to be able to shoot the ball. I am not saying you need to step out and shoot the three point shot immediately, but I would try and master to the free throw line.
Unless you are elite at something else, such as DeAndre Jordan, it is very difficult to move up in level and shoot 60% or lower from the line. Master being able to shoot from 15 feet and out and if possible to the three-point-line. Being a threat to shoot the ball will open up the floor for so much else as well, and will keep the defense honest.
Playing in Space
The next part we really emphasize with our post players from a coaching stand point is being able to play in space. For instance, a team is trapping the ball screen. We ask our big men to short roll in these occasions and have our guards get off the ball once they have drawn two men to them. The big man might now be asked to take one or two dribbles and make a play.
That play could be two dribbles and finish at the rim or one dribble and kick out to a shooter. They have to read and determine that, but we try to drill these instances for the moments when they arrive in games. We want all of our players to be able to dribble, pass and shoot.
Able to Guard
The last part is on the defensive side. Bigs are going to play at the college level and the select few who will play in the NBA will be asked to defend guards. It might not be for the duration of the shot clock, but at least in late clock situations.
We believe you must devote time in the weight room and on the court to improving foot speed and athleticism. This might not be your teams philosophy, but with the way basketball is going, good big men will be asked to do this at some point in their career.
This is a different era of basketball and the game has evolved. Ten years ago big men were not being asked to do all that they are asked to do today. Generally, post players develop later in their basketball life than guards, but don’t always get the same level of development.
It is important that you are spending time working with your post players and helping them develop into complete players. A talented big guy will always be important to any team. Develop them, have fun with them and take pride as you see them grow!
University of Southern California Assistant Men’s Basketball Coach
Chris Capko was named an assistant coach for the Trojans in 2016. He has also been an assistant coach at Georgia Southern University and Stetson University. Along with coaching, Chris Capko also played at the Division 1 level for the University of Southern Florida.
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